Water

Many people don’t include information about water in their information about keeping chickens – because it is, well, just water isn’t it? Well, in fact there is much to be said about drinking water for chickens and it is absolutely essential for their well being.

Here are the main things you need to know about water:

Dirty Water

Dirty Water or Bacteria Soup?

Water needs to be fresh: if you leave it in the container for a few days at a time, it will start to go stagnant and turn green.

Now I hear you say that chickens can drink out of a muddy puddle and it does them no harm? That water is usually fresh rain water and the mud will certainly not harm them – but water kept in plastic containers that has turned green should be thought of as “bacteria soup” because it’s full of bacteria that can harm them.

Green drinking water is a sure way to be asking for trouble with diseases and should be avoided.

Changing their water daily or every-other day is easy enough and if you rinse the container out, you can use a small washing up brush around the lip and inside to remove any build-up of anything nasty.

A chicken’s body is constantly challenged by bacteria that cause diseases in their environment. Their body will build up an immunity (known as acquired immunity), however giving them large doses of “bacteria soup” will risk them becoming ill so please change water daily or at least every other day!

When you change their water, watch them rush over and take a drink – they do appreciate clean drinking water!

Carrying Chicken Water ContainersWater needs to be kept in the shade during very hot weather: Chickens can handle the cold very well, they fluff up their feathers to trap air which insulates their body, however they can’t handle the heat very well. Chickens can’t sweat, they can only pant to lose heat through the air they breathe out and drink water to cool themselves down. During very hot weather, it is best to place their (fresh!) water in a shaded position (and after reading about shelter for chickens under the ‘Getting Started’ menu, you will of course be providing them with adequate shade).

Water containers left in the sunlight can soon heat up the water inside to a high temperature which means chickens can’t lose as much heat by drinking so please, keep their water in the shade during hot weather and if you can, give them some fresh, cool water when it’s hot.

Water containers

Water containers for chickens come in a variety of shapes and sizes to suit your needs. Some are galvanised and will last a very long time but the majority are plastic.

Galvanised Containers:

  • Last a life time, withstands Knocks
  • Withstands frost
  • Cannot be used to give Apple Cider Vinegar since the acid corrodes the galvanising
  • Doesn’t show you how much is left in the container.

Plastic Containers:

  • Can be used to give Apple Cider Vinegar in the water
  • Shows you how much water is left
  • Will only last a couple of years – bases crack, locking bits snap off or handles break, colours fade in the sun.
  • Will crack if you drop or knock it when full.

There is a full range of water containers for sale on this page at Amazon.

60 Comments

  1. I want to raise the water feeder off the ground to stop them contaminating the water. How high should I raise it?

    • I keep mine about 4 inches off the ground – as long as they can reach it easily to drink from it, it should be fine.

    • No, they roost and sleep overnight. If the weather is bad (snow?) or they are kept in for some reason, then you would need to add a drinker inside.

  2. My two year old hybrid chickens have stopped laying for the past two months.
    their small outside run is moved onto fresh grass every other day
    they consume a lot of layers pellets, and seem to use a lot more water that they did in the past.

    I have used worm treatment in their water.

    Have you any suggestions

    • Check the coop for Red Mite – this would be the most common cause for them to stop laying.
      If there are feathers in the run then they might be moulting? Older hens take longer to get through the moult, although yours aren’t really that old yet. Sometimes they will eat the feathers (they are protein) but they will look scruffy as they lose feathers and you’ll see pin feathers growing that are dark blue, full of blood as they re-grow.

      Sometimes chickens stop laying – they might have reached the end of a laying cycle and will rest for a while now. Commercial Egg laying Hybrids tend to give everything they can in the first 18 months of their lives then become a little Sporadic – this is what they have been bred for after all.

  3. I have 6 girls and 2 water drinkers which are plastic and i change the water in one of them of a morning then the other of an evening but im still noticing some green coloured build up on the inside of the container, i tend to them before and after work weekdays and all weekend so there not neglected but it baffles me why the green mildew builds up inside the drinkers. What am i doing wrong

    • Drinkers will go green – I keep a small washing up brush next to my tap and give my drinkers a quick scrub before filling. Green algae builds up faster in sunlight so maybe you can put them in the shade?

    • Green algae will build up when there is oxygen in the water and sunlight. It’s a real problem for fish tanks and the first bit of advice they give for this is to make sure the tank is out of direct sunlight and limit the light with a timer on your fish tank.

      You could ensure it’s in the shade but it is quite common to have to give the container a quick clean before refilling – I keep a little washing up brush with a long handle next to the tap and give it a whiz around before refilling.

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