Red Mite

I would rate Red Mites as being one of the biggest problems you will face when keeping chickens. Red Mites live in the cracks of chicken houses (typically under perch ends) coming out at night, crawling onto your birds for a feed.

red mite in a crack on a chickens perch

Macro shot of Red Mite in a crack on a perch. These were disturbed after a treatment with Poultry Shield.

They start off as very small greyish-white mites that swell up into red coloured mites after a feed and at their biggest are only 0.7mm so small numbers of them can be hard to spot unless you know what to look for.

You will often find a grey ash like deposit around perch ends which is where the mites have been and if you lift the perch, you will see clumps of mites.

Red Mite in chickens’ houses are active during the warmer months, usually May to October and will become dormant over the winter. They multiply at an incredible rate: their life cycle is just 7 days. In other words from hatching from an egg to being an adult laying hundreds of eggs takes just 7 days if conditions are right.

Be Proactive.

red mite powder for chickensThe best course of action is to check for red mite routinely when you clean your chicken house out and use some preventative treatment to the house before they get a hold. You will get to know the places to look and once you have found small numbers of them, you can treat the house to keep numbers under control. See my ‘preventative measures’ below

Are there Red Mite in your Chicken House?

People normally discover Red Mite when they are over-run by them. When hens are being bitten, they can refuse to go in to roost at night, they will become anaemic and their combs will go pale. They will often stop laying and you may find red blood stains on eggs (squashed Red Mites). Eventually, you will start to see losses in the flock.

Checking for Red Mite in Chickens Houses

red mite in a crack

Red Mite will hide away in the daytime but can often be seen if you lift perches, examining the ends. They will usually come swarming out if you treat the cracks with Poultry Shield but by far the easiest way to check to see if there are red mite is to take a piece of white kitchen roll and to rub it along the underside of the perch when your hens are roosting (in the dark). Look at the tissue and if there are Red Mite heading back from their feed, they will be squashed on the kitchen roll as streaks of blood.

Getting rid of Red Mite

It is very hard to get rid of them completely so it is often better to get the numbers down and then find a way of keeping them down that doesn’t involve you spending hours on cleaning the house out. There are lots of different treatments that people use, some more effective than others but I will focus on what I do and have found to be the most successful for me.

If you haven’t got red mite and the weather is warm enough for them (May to October in the UK) then skip step 1 and go straight to step 2. Preventative Measures.

1. Getting rid of an infestation.

If you find lots of red mite in the coop, it’s time for a big clean up that will take a couple of hours initially, then an hour every 5 to 7 days for at least 2 more weeks.

poultry shield 5 litre container

Click image to visit the Poultry Shield page

The products I have found to work the best (that are relatively safe) are Poultry Shield and Diatom. These two are not ‘knock down’ products as such, they do take a little while to work but are none the less very effective. I also use Red Mite Powder on the hens themselves to help them through the night when the Mites are active.

You can BUY Poultry Shield from Amazon Here.

Here is what I do with the Poultry Shield.

  • Remove all birds from the house.
  • Strip the house down as much as possible.
  • Clean the house out – be careful where the bedding is going as red mite live for 6 months without a feed and will find a new home If they can. Ideally seal the bedding in bin bags or burn.
  • Mix up as many watering cans of poultry shield mixture as is needed, as per the instructions on the label 1 part to 9 parts water.
  • ‘Water’ all cracks in the chicken house, concentrating where there are perch ends and concentrations of red mite.
  • Leave to soak for 15 minutes
  • Red mites will be coming out. Cover them and the cracks with poultry shield again.
  • Wait 15 minutes
  • Hose out the house, concentrating on getting the pressure jet into the cracks and so on.
  • Leave the house to dry.

Poultry Shield is a mild detergent and ‘washes’ the waxy coat off the red mites. It is also good for removing organic matter from the hen house so is useful for cleaning. I wouldn’t be without this!

Diatom for Chickens 2KG Tub

Click image to visit my Diatom page

After using the Poultry Shield, when the house is dry, I use Diatom. Diatom is made of micro skeletons of fossilised remains of diatoms. These were once a kind of algae found in water. They are microscopically sharp and pierce the outer waxy coating of the mites which causes them to dry out and die.

The second step also double up as my ‘preventative’ measures if you haven’t yet got a bad infestation

You can BUY Diatom from Amazon HERE

2. Preventative Measures

  • Dust the ends of the perches / nest boxes and where ever else you found concentrations of red mites when cleaning.
  • Rub as much into the perches as you can. Red mite will avoid the diatom and will crawl around it if they can, so make sure they have to crawl through it to get a feed.
  • Repeat every couple of days for as long as you see signs of red mite in the coop.

Repeat the whole cleaning process if there are still lots of mites in 5 to 7 days. You will find you might not need to spend as long on the washing as there won’t be as many mites.

Very Important: Make sure you repeat it before 7 days so that the mites don’t have a chance to lay more eggs. A few mites become a lot in a very short space of time!

If you have a felt roof on your chicken house and they get underneath, it is usually impossible to get rid of them without removing the felt, cleaning and re-felting. My page on Chicken Houses gives more information.

Finally, I will dust the hens down between their feathers with Red Mite Powder to give them some respite during the night when the mites are active.

307 Responses to Red Mite

  1. hilary says:

    Someone i know who has had red mite has asked me to give their chickens a home. This will mean mixing them with mine and we have not had a problem with red mite yet.Is there a chance that they could bring red mite with them?

    • Keeping Chickens says:

      Yes, they can carry a few in with their feathers. Some people put a few drops of Ivermectin onto their skin to kill off the red mite but this is unlicensed for poultry.

  2. pam hall says:

    I have recently found red mites in the hen house, I followed your instructions and have cleaned and resprayed, my hens have lost alot of feathers could that be due to the mites or the natural moult?

    • Keeping Chickens says:

      Probably due to a moult. This could have been brought on early by the mite infestation although older hens will moult earlier and for longer than young hens.
      Keep on top of the mites – they do come back and are incredibly resilient!

  3. mark brown says:

    Is lime wash any good for red mite

    • Keeping Chickens says:

      I’ve never tried it…. sorry can’t say. I would think you could try it on an area where there are mites and see if they die / stop crawling around. I would take a guess at saying it will work.

  4. Lorraine Bedford says:

    Where do they initially come from ?

    • Keeping Chickens says:

      Usually the wild birds, or carried in by other chickens if you buy more. Eggs or mites can get onto clothing, your feet, cleaning equipment or anything else that goes inside your coop and can then be carried from coop to coop.

  5. dee says:

    if you have red mite is it ok to still eat the eggs?

  6. Julie says:

    Hi can you get red mite with plastic chicken coops?

    • Keeping Chickens says:

      You can, but it’s harder for them to find places to hide and you can normally strip down the coop and clean it more easily without the cracks and crevices you have with wood.

  7. Amy says:

    Can red mite live on humans, thete different sites saying different things. If we found 1 or 2 on my partner clothes would we have to treat the house

    • Keeping Chickens says:

      I have read comments on blog posts where people swear they are being bitten by red mite but I’ve never found this personally and there are other mites that affect humans that could be the cause. They itch when you find them crawling on you but if you wash your clothes and shower, they should be gone.

  8. Ian McMillen says:

    Hi I have had no hens in my wooden coop for about a year, but did have red mites.
    Am going to get more hens. How long do the eggs lie dormant and how can I kill red mite eggs?
    Thanks. Ian

  9. studentbailey says:

    Our chickens have Red mite and I want to get them a new coop but i don’t want the red mites in the chickens feathers to infest the new coop. How can I prevent this?

    Thank you

    • Keeping Chickens says:

      You can treat the chickens before moving them into the new coop. Ivermectin is used by many although isn’t licensed for poultry.

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