Water

Many people don’t include information about water in their information about keeping chickens – because it is, well, just water isn’t it? Well, in fact there is much to be said about drinking water for chickens and it is absolutely essential for their well being.

Here are the main things you need to know about water:

Dirty Water

Dirty Water or Bacteria Soup?

Water needs to be fresh: if you leave it in the container for a few days at a time, it will start to go stagnant and turn green. Now chickens can drink out of a muddy puddle but that water is usually fresh rain water and the mud will do them no harm – but water kept in plastic containers that has turned green should be though of as “bacteria soup” and is the sure way to be asking for trouble with diseases.

A chicken’s body is constantly challenged by bacteria that cause diseases in their environment. Their body will build up an immunity (known as acquired immunity), however giving them large doses of “bacteria soup” will risk them becoming ill so change water daily or at least every other day.

When you change their water, watch them rush over and take a drink – they do appreciate clean drinking water!

Water needs to be kept in the shade during very hot weather: Chickens can handle the cold very well, they fluff up their feathers to trap air which insulates their body, however they can’t handle the heat very well. They can’t sweat, they can only pant to lose heat through the air they breathe out and drink water to cool themselves down. During very hot weather, it is best to place their (fresh!) water in a shaded position (and after reading about shelter for chickens under the ‘Getting Started’ menu, you will of course be providing them with adequate shade.

Carrying Chicken Water Containers

Water containers left in the sunlight can soon heat up the water inside to a high temperature which means chickens can’t lose as much heat by drinking.

Water containers

Water containers for chickens come in a variety of shapes and sizes to suit your needs. Some are galvanised and will last a very long time but the majority are plastic.

Galvanised Containers:

  • Last a life time, withstands Knocks
  • Withstands frost
  • Cannot be used to give Apple Cider Vinegar since the acid corrodes the galvanising
  • Doesn’t show you how much is left in the container.

Plastic Containers:

  • Can be used to give Apple Cider Vinegar in the water
  • Shows you how much water is left
  • Will only last a couple of years – bases crack, locking bits snap off or handles break, colours fade in the sun.
  • Will crack if you drop or knock it when full.

There is a full range of water containers for sale on this page at Amazon.

57 Responses to Water

  1. Lois franklin says:

    I want to raise the water feeder off the ground to stop them contaminating the water. How high should I raise it?

    • Keeping Chickens says:

      I keep mine about 4 inches off the ground – as long as they can reach it easily to drink from it, it should be fine.

  2. Sarah says:

    I am getting 4 hens, do they need need feed and water in their hen house when they are locked in at night?

    • Keeping Chickens says:

      No, they roost and sleep overnight. If the weather is bad (snow?) or they are kept in for some reason, then you would need to add a drinker inside.

  3. albert whitehouse says:

    My two year old hybrid chickens have stopped laying for the past two months.
    their small outside run is moved onto fresh grass every other day
    they consume a lot of layers pellets, and seem to use a lot more water that they did in the past.

    I have used worm treatment in their water.

    Have you any suggestions

    • Keeping Chickens says:

      Check the coop for Red Mite – this would be the most common cause for them to stop laying.
      If there are feathers in the run then they might be moulting? Older hens take longer to get through the moult, although yours aren’t really that old yet. Sometimes they will eat the feathers (they are protein) but they will look scruffy as they lose feathers and you’ll see pin feathers growing that are dark blue, full of blood as they re-grow.

      Sometimes chickens stop laying – they might have reached the end of a laying cycle and will rest for a while now. Commercial Egg laying Hybrids tend to give everything they can in the first 18 months of their lives then become a little Sporadic – this is what they have been bred for after all.

  4. Neil Davidson says:

    I have 6 girls and 2 water drinkers which are plastic and i change the water in one of them of a morning then the other of an evening but im still noticing some green coloured build up on the inside of the container, i tend to them before and after work weekdays and all weekend so there not neglected but it baffles me why the green mildew builds up inside the drinkers. What am i doing wrong

    • Keeping Chickens says:

      Drinkers will go green – I keep a small washing up brush next to my tap and give my drinkers a quick scrub before filling. Green algae builds up faster in sunlight so maybe you can put them in the shade?

    • Keeping Chickens says:

      Green algae will build up when there is oxygen in the water and sunlight. It’s a real problem for fish tanks and the first bit of advice they give for this is to make sure the tank is out of direct sunlight and limit the light with a timer on your fish tank.

      You could ensure it’s in the shade but it is quite common to have to give the container a quick clean before refilling – I keep a little washing up brush with a long handle next to the tap and give it a whiz around before refilling.

  5. angella says:

    I’m a beginner at this and was wondering is it ok to give the girls water from the hose?

  6. Nasima B khan says:

    I have recently converted my shed into a coop and have three chickens.
    I am worried about how often I should clean the coop, how to clean it and what I should put in the shed for them hay or wood shavings? Someone has sed use hay and remove the whole lot each week. I have a large supply of shavings to use up.
    Also, I am feeding them morning and evening and giving them fresh water at the same time, but have been feeling a bit sick with the smell!
    I just need practical tips on cleaning the shed out please!!

    • Keeping Chickens says:

      I clean mine every week at this time of year (the hens spend longer inside in the winter), sometimes in the summer I will leave it 2 weeks and just add a sprinkle of fresh shavings if I am very busy or away for the weekend but it does depend on the size of coop and number of hens in the coop of course.

      You shouldn’t use Hay – this can harbour mould spores that cause a respiratory problem called Aspergilliosis. Pine wood shavings are much better. They don’t compact like hay and pine is a natural disinfectant so it will stay fresher for longer. You can buy shavings in equine / pet shops in a big bale. Snowflake is a common brand sold.

      Ensure there is good ventillation – open the door of the coop in the morning and smell. If you smell strong ammonia, you need better ventillation. This harms their respiratory system and will be a fast track to respiratory problems later on.

      What are you feeding them if you feel sick? Layers pellets have little smell to them.

  7. adam simmonds says:

    Am I ok to use water from my water butt or is this not classed as fresh?

    • Keeping Chickens says:

      Ummm well it really depends what the quality of the water is… but in general, if it isn’t green and looks reasonably fresh I wouldn’t worry about it. I have used water from a butt before and not had problems.

  8. Dave says:

    We got 4 hens last Saturday and they don’t seem to drink a lot of water could there be a problem I have put fresh water at least twice a day but it doesn’t seem to be going down very much can you help

    • Keeping Chickens says:

      It can take them a while to get used to a new water supply. They don’t get through too much in the winter either. They will drink far more in the summer to cool down.

  9. Tarien Roux says:

    You mentioned in the post that you could add apple cider vinegar to the water… why would you do this and at what ratio?
    Also, our chickens are in a chicken tractor working the garden beds on which there is straw for mulch; but, in one of the responses above you mentioned that hay could cause respiratory problems and too rather use woodchips? How important is this?

  10. Jim Fouts says:

    You mentioned Apple Cider vinegar. Can you explain the purpose and how much?

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